La muséographie allemande au XVIIIe s. : comment Neickel et Kanold présentent en 1727 leur inventaire des collections européennes.


1 Introduction

mapping cur image 1

Figure 1

This article is about one 492-page book that was publi­shed in Leip­zig and Bres­lau in 1727.[1] It is writ­ten in Ger­man, not Latin, and its trans­la­ted English title is “Museo­gra­phia or Ins­truc­tion to a Fair Notion and Use­ful Ins­tallment of Museums or Curio­si­ty Cabi­nets.” The book contains des­crip­tions of exis­ting and for­mer curio­si­ty cabi­nets and libra­ries in Europe, lis­ted alpha­be­ti­cal­ly accor­ding to the town in which they are found. I read this book as a dia­logue bet­ween two men. One, the author, Ham­burg mer­chant Kas­par Frie­drich Jenc­quel, or, with Pseu­do­nym, Cas­par Frie­drich Nei­cke­lius, has care­ful­ly gathe­red a list of more than a hun­dred contai­ners or boxes, as he calls them, “Behält­nisse”, cabi­nets or musei, in which dif­ferent col­lec­tions of trea­sure are or have been shown. He orga­ni­zed his des­crip­tion of these musei, his “museo­gra­phia” in four parts. His four parts are “curio­si­ty cabi­nets, still exis­ting”, for­mer curio­si­ty cabi­nets, libra­ries as col­lec­tions of books, and gene­ral notes. The first three parts contain lists of cabi­nets or libra­ries; the fourth part gives advice on how to ins­tall your own cabi­net, a kind of culmi­na­tion and theo­re­ti­cal peak of the first three parts.

The second per­son invol­ved in this endea­vor, the com­men­ta­tor, was the town phy­si­cian of Bres­lau and scho­lar of the plague, Johann Kanold. We know much more about him than we know about Jenc­quel, because Kanold was not only an author in his own right, and edi­ted a jour­nal that brought to light “curious and use­ful notes in natu­ral and art his­to­ry”, but he also has a bio­gra­phi­cal entry in Kestner’s dic­tio­na­ry of scho­lars of medi­cine, publi­shed not long after his death, in 1740 (Kest­ner, Med. Gelehr­ten­lexi­kon, Jena 1740, p. 439). Kanold lived from 1679 until his death in 1729 most­ly in Bres­lau, the for­mer capi­tal of Sile­sia, the city now known as Wro­claw. Accor­ding to Kanolds very revea­ling pre­face in the publi­shed book, the Bres­lau and Leip­zig publi­sher Hubert had contac­ted Kanold, asking him to review and aug­ment Jencquel’s manus­cript. Kanold makes very clear in his pre­face who the expert is: he calls the author an illi­te­rate and dilet­tant, alludes to him being a mer­chant, and states that Nei­cke­lius has never even visi­ted the places he refers to. Kanold reveals that Nei­cke­lius had confes­sed to him that he had read 128 books to write this one, and Kanold, in order to ‘per­fect’ a fla­wed stu­dy, has added scho­lar­ly foot­notes with biblio­gra­phi­cal infor­ma­tion, where the author had not. Kanold also added more cabi­nets and libra­ries both at the end of each alpha­be­ti­cal let­ter, and at the end of the first three chap­ters. In short, Kanold was a fierce cri­tic of the author, trying to set the pers­pec­tive right about exper­tise, and inser­ting what he thought would make the book more rea­dable accor­ding to aca­de­mic stan­dards.

Almost eve­ry page contains Kanold’s writ­ten com­ments. One page of this contes­ted col­la­bo­ra­tion looks like figure 2, on the left, ano­ther like figure 2, on the right (red emphases A.G.).

mapping cur fig 2

Figure 2

In both cases, Jencquel’s text is loca­ted in the main sec­tion, while the foot­notes beneath the divi­der are by Kanold. In the first example, Jenc­quel writes about the French trea­sure-cabi­net at Amboise with the fol­lo­wing words:


In the regal castle at Amboise, the visi­tor finds among other oddi­ties that are shown the­reat an incre­di­bly big deer ant­ler, 18 feet long, with 22 ant­ler points, wei­ghing 6 cent­ner [300 kg].”


Without spa­ring Jenc­quel, Kanold cor­rects this sta­te­ment meti­cu­lous­ly in the foot­note: “This cal­cu­la­tion is too large. The antler’s weight is only 40 pounds, accor­ding to the book Bes­chrei­bung des Köni­greichs Fran­kreich, p. 779 (edi­ted Frank­furt and Leip­zig 1689. 12)“.

In the second example, we see the end of the let­ter H and the begin­ning of the let­ter I. While Jenc­quel alrea­dy goes on with des­crip­tions of cabi­nets in Jena, Kanold adds in the large foot­note area towns, star­ting with H, with curio­si­ty cabi­nets that he thought Jenc­quel had mis­sed. One of them is the Prus­sian town Halle on the Saale, where Kanold had stu­died medi­cine at Uni­ver­si­ty. Kanold men­tio­ned fore­most the cabi­net of the coun­ci­lor Hoff­mann, and recal­led some enter­tai­ning anec­dotes that show his fami­lia­ri­ty with this col­lec­tor and his col­lec­tion. In short Kanold both cor­rects and sup­ple­ments Jenc­quels account.


In my article, I want to ask and ans­wer the fol­lo­wing ques­tion: How does this odd couple map out curio­si­ty cabi­nets in Europe? Beyond a mere des­crip­tion, I want to give my article an ana­ly­tic twist. Are there any clas­si­fi­ca­tions that the author and his cor­rec­tor build up to des­cribe their fin­dings in a way that 18th cen­tu­ry scho­lars would have cal­led „scien­ti­fic“, or in their words „lite­rate“? Our way passes the spa­tial, geo­gra­phic, map of the ideal dilet­tant or lite­rate visi­tor and turns to ano­ther map with a dif­ferent ana­ly­tic func­tion, the hie­rar­chi­cal, taxo­no­mic map, such as Caro­lus Lin­neus and many before him drew for the field of natu­ral his­to­ry. I will show first, how the museums are grou­ped into spe­ci­fic show-cases; second, which curio­si­ties belong to which group of dis­played know­ledge, and third, what are the cri­te­ria for a find being impor­tant. I will com­pare the text with the 1707 publi­ca­tion of Paul Jacob Mar­per­ger, a Saxon mer­can­ti­list, on curio­si­ty cabi­nets, in a col­lec­ted volume entit­led „The Ope­ned Chevalier’s Place… (Der Geöff­nete Rit­ter-Platz…)“.


2 The organization of the book

mapping cur fig 3

Figure 3: Light blue: Wro­claw (Bres­lau) and Leip­zig, where the book was publi­shed. Yel­low: Jencquel’s list of cabi­nets of curio­si­ties (out of chap­ter 1) with more than three publi­shed pages: Flo­rence, Ham­burg, Lei­den, Paris, Rome, Venice, Vien­na.

Red: Jencquel’s list of libra­ries (out of chap­ter 3) with more than three publi­shed pages: Wro­claw (Bres­lau), Leip­zig, Lon­don, Paris, Vien­na.


mapping cur fig 4

Figure 4: Figure 3 plus Dark blue: Kanold’s addi­tions, where he writes more than three pages in the publi­ca­tion about one town: Franck­furt am Mayn, Nuernberg, Ulm (curio­si­ty cabi­nets) and Copen­ha­gen, Erfurt, and Jena (libra­ries).


My argu­ment that the text contains two dif­ferent hie­rar­chi­cal rea­dings, one by Jenc­quel, the other by Kanold, res­ts on the orga­ni­za­tion and scope of the book itself. Both authors have dif­ferent inten­tions with their map­ping. The mer­chant ama­teur is keen on sprea­ding examples and pro­vi­ding easy tools to enable anyone „with a phi­lo­so­phic mind“, as he calls it, to build their own curio­si­ty cabi­net, rari­ty cham­ber or museum, as he calls them. The phy­si­cian, on the other hand, wants to give an expert and first-hand account of which cabi­nets contain inter­es­ting samples of nature and art. He uses his cor­res­pon­dence with cabi­net owners and fel­low phy­si­cians to give up to the minute infor­ma­tion, and legi­ti­mizes the book aca­de­mi­cal­ly by set­ting foot­notes and adding his cor­res­pon­dence net­work.

I have fit­ted the quan­ti­ta­ti­ve­ly lon­gest entries of the first and the third chap­ters on exis­ting curio­si­ty cabi­nets and exis­ting libra­ries into a map of Europe, to show the spa­tial reach of Jencquel’s under­ta­king. Of his 110 entries in chap­ter one, Jenc­quel dedi­cates three publi­shed pages or more to curio­si­ty cabi­nets in Flo­rence, Ham­burg, Lei­den, Paris, Rome, Vien­na, and Venice. Ham­burg has a spe­cial sta­tus, because the author is very enthu­sias­tic about his home town, giving almost a gui­ded tour around its archi­tec­to­ni­cal and his­to­ri­cal­ly impor­tant buil­dings, such as churches, which contai­ned trea­sures. Jencquel’s entries of three pages or more for towns with libra­ries in chap­ter three over­lap with chap­ter one twice, by tal­king about Paris and Vien­na. Other­wise, he gives the lar­gest spaces to Bres­lau, Leip­zig, and Lon­don. The total num­ber of towns and regions with libra­ries men­tions is 185.

Kanold, in his turn, adds an appen­dix in both cases. His appen­dices contain few very detai­led inven­to­ries. For curio­si­ty cabi­nets, he writes three publi­shed pages or more on Frank­furt on Main, Nürn­berg, and Ulm, out of added infor­ma­tion in 16 towns in the appen­dix, and 34 in the foot­notes. In the case of libra­ries, he writes three or more pages for three towns, Copen­ha­gen, Erfurt, and Jena, out of added infor­ma­tion in 18 towns.

Kanold’s most spa­cious addi­tions are lis­ted inven­to­ries which he recei­ved most­ly from his cor­res­pon­dence part­ners all over Ger­ma­ny, whe­reas Jenc­quel had tried to fit most Euro­pean centres into his map, with over­views about cabi­nets and lit­tle nar­ra­tives about the most impor­tant rari­ties the­rein.



3 The hierarchical tables

Jenc­quel coins a very dis­tinct voca­bu­la­ry for his ideal visi­tor, whom he names „the curious“ and for what the curious is inter­es­ted to visit, „rari­ties“. Both terms have a clear mea­ning and a long his­to­ry among col­lec­tors: the curious loves what he or she is doing, and he feels aes­the­tic plea­sure in seeing some­thing rare, out of the usual. For Jenc­quel, orga­ni­za­tion of the cham­ber accor­ding to natu­ral scien­ti­fic rules is not impor­tant. For example, he does not have a pro­blem with sta­ting, that the Flo­rence Palaz­zo Vec­chio has a sword in the armo­ry and a sword in room five. He connects rari­ty, beau­ty, and com­mer­cial value of the objects in dis­play. In his last chap­ter, where he tells his rea­der more about his ter­mi­no­lo­gy, he des­cribes rari­ty in the fol­lo­wing way (p. 407):


mapping cur fig 5a

mapping cur fig 5b

Figure 5, above: Jenc­quel; below: Kanold.


A rari­ty, howe­ver, is cal­led 1) what of all three realms of nature is very sparse and sel­dom found in our regions, or what has been col­lec­ted in far away lands, and 3) [sic] what has been drawn up and manu­fac­tu­red by the hands of an artis­tic mas­ter. Both have in addi­tion their spe­cial obser­va­tions, because for example the less this or that piece of nature comes into our sight, and espe­cial­ly the other-natu­ral or mons­trous crea­tures, that is when they have rare­ness and also an exter­nal­ly magni­ficent look, as a dia­mond, car­buncle etc. the same also with the arti­fi­cial or artis­tic things, the har­der or sof­ter the mate­rial is, for example, pic­tures car­ved in solid rocks, or in ten­der rice or bar­ley corns; the big­ger and more subtle for example a colos­sus or a cher­ry pit with about 180 faces of men etc., the higher rises the esteem and rari­ty of eve­ry object.”


Kanold the phy­si­cian adopts a very dif­ferent taxo­no­my. With the help of inven­to­ries and cor­res­pon­dence, he guides the rea­der to dis­co­ver novel objects and to explore their signi­fi­cance. For example, he writes in an anno­ta­tion to Jencquel’s entry for the Nether­lan­dish uni­ver­si­ty town „Lei­den“ that the col­lec­tions of the phy­si­cian Albi­ni in Lei­den contai­ned a high quan­ti­ty of the root „Gin­seng“. Kanold goes on to say that Albi­ni had recei­ved this large amount from the King of Prus­sia to expe­riment with the powers of the plant. Albi­ni, Kanold write, had dis­co­ve­red that there was not more in it than what he noti­ced by che­wing it. The powers of Gin­seng thus, accor­ding to Albi­ni, were com­pa­rable to, and I cite Kanold, „our limp tur­nips“. (p. 62)

mapping cur fig 6

Figure 6

Although Kanold does not say any­thing against the ama­teur as a visi­tor of curio­si­ty cabi­nets, and even helps to expand the num­ber of poten­tial visi­tors by contri­bu­ting to a book writ­ten in Ger­man, when it comes to explai­ning objects he has a sense of an expert culture, or as Michael Hagner in the book The Sciences in Enligh­te­ned Europe (1999, p. 176) puts it, a connois­seur culture, which he sees as explo­ra­to­ry – see­king know­ledge connec­ted to an idea of the esta­bli­shed and mate­rial order of things in nature and culture. Unlike ano­ther Ger­man contem­po­ra­ry, the edu­ca­tor Paul Jacob Mar­per­ger, who had alrea­dy publi­shed a manual on how to build a curio­si­ty cabi­net in 1707, Kanold did not nar­row down the circle of experts to those who had stu­died phy­sics. Mar­per­ger, who had a gene­ral edu­ca­tion in view, thought that people with an edu­ca­tio­nal back­ground in phy­sics would be best sui­ted as cura­tors of rich men’s and royal cabi­nets, because they would be able to orga­nize those cabi­nets cor­rect­ly, show them to inter­es­ted people, and give public lec­tures on them at least twice a week. On the contra­ry, Kanold inclu­ded in his broad­ly defi­ned cate­go­ry of the „lite­rate“ all people with a uni­ver­si­ty edu­ca­tion in the arts, and pre­sen­ted as a most dis­tin­gui­shing sign their know­ledge of Latin. He did not talk about a pro­fes­sio­nal class of cura­tors, at all. His cor­res­pon­dence net­work shows that pos­ses­sors of curio­si­ty cabi­nets inclu­ded court coun­sel­lors, town secre­ta­ries, church minis­ters, libra­rians, the nobi­li­ty, mer­chants, phy­si­cians, tea­chers and apo­the­ca­ries.



4 Conclusion

What can we conclude of this? First: All three authors have dif­ferent ideas about who knows about or who should be res­pon­sible for curio­si­ty cabi­nets. Mar­per­ger digs the dee­pest ditch bet­ween the phy­si­cist as edu­ca­tor and the public, and puts him on the highest pedes­tal, whe­reas Jenc­quel main­tains that eve­ry­bo­dy can make a curio­si­ty cabi­net. He has a more entre­pre­neu­rial atti­tude about this. He says that with a good manual and with good back­ground know­ledge, eve­ry­bo­dy may arrange a cabi­net as they wish. One should not be nar­row­min­ded about what to dis­play; the most impor­tant cri­te­rion is that an object is rare, and it is easy to find out if some­thing is rare: rare is what is not easi­ly found in the region where you live in. Kanold the phy­si­cian, with his own scien­ti­fic research and his inter­est in new fin­dings, looks not so much at the contai­ner or cabi­net as a whole, but towards the single object. It is not so much rari­ty he is inter­es­ted in as a cer­tain novel­ty of the fin­ding when seen in a scien­ti­fic context. So we have rari­ty, we have novel­ty, and we have order in the case of the edu­ca­tor — rari­ty, novel­ty, order.

We also have men from three dif­ferent social groups, the phy­si­cian, the mer­chant and the edu­ca­tor, tal­king about the same thing from dif­ferent pers­pec­tives. Are we seeing here some­thing emer­ging — for example a clo­se­ness or open­ness of the dif­ferent uni­ver­si­ty facul­ties, which would make Kanold the most conser­va­tive, the one who sees the dis­ci­plines still all toge­ther, whe­reas the edu­ca­tor Mar­per­ger is the most novel, because he sees a gap bet­ween the sciences, bet­ween those who know phy­sics, and the rest of the world. And final­ly, the mer­chant belongs to a rising class in socie­ty, a class that comes with its own ideas and inter­ests, and wants to pur­sue them. The groups which he repre­sents also have a cer­tain idea of what they do and do not need, and rari­ty seems to be one of their most impor­tant desires. The ana­ly­sis of Jencquel’s book shows that ques­tions ori­gi­na­ting in the mate­ria­li­ty of object col­lec­tions, their visi­tors and their expec­ted taxo­no­mies may lead to dis­cus­sions of a lar­ger context of social change in, what we need to define, as a new know­ledge socie­ty.



5 Bibliography

Primary Sources

Samm­lung von Natur- und Medi­cin- wie auch hier­zu gehö­ri­gen Kunst- und Lite­ra­tur-Ges­chich­ten so sich von 1717–26 in Schle­sien und ande­ren Orten bege­ben … und als Ver­such ans Licht ges­tel­let / [Joh. Kanold] [1.1717(1718) — 38.1726(1730); Bres­lau : Hubert [1718–1720]].


Bol­ton, p.510, #4197 gives the title sta­te­ment as Samm­lung von Natur und Medi­cin. Wie auch hier­zu gehö­ri­gen Kunst- und Lite­ra­tur-Ges­chich­ten so sich Anno 17– in Schle­sien und ande­ren Län­dern bege­ben und ans Licht ges­tel­let von eini­gen Bress­laui­schen Medi­cis.
Zeit­schrif­ten­da­ten­bank (ZDB) indi­cates that this title was sup­ple­men­ted by Curieuse und nutz­bare Anmer­ckun­gen von Natur- und Kunst-Ges­chich­ten : durch eigene Erfah­rung und aus vie­ler­ley Cor­res­pon­denz gesamm­let / von Johanne Kanold [1.1726 — 4.1729[?]] and was conti­nued by Mis­cel­la­nea phy­si­co-medi­co-mathe­ma­ti­ca : oder ange­nehme, curieuse und nütz­liche Nachrich­ten von Phy­si­cal- u. Medi­ci­ni­schen, auch dahin gehö­ri­gen Kunst- und Lite­ra­tur-Ges­chich­ten, welche in Teut­schland und andern Rei­chen sich zuge­tra­gen haben oder bekannt wor­den sind [1727(1731) — 1730(1734)[?]]
Bol­ton, p.510, #4197a makes it clear that this lat­ter title was edi­ted by A. E. Büch­ner and others.


Büch­ner, Georg Hein­rich. 1723. Ausführ­liche Nachricht von der Wür­ckung, inner­li­chen Struc­tur und Bes­chaf­fen­heit der Feuer-löschen­den Machine. In: Samm­lung von Natur- und Medi­cin- wie auch hier­zu gehö­ri­gen Kunst- und Lite­ra­tur-Ges­chich­ten so sich von 1717–26 in Schle­sien und ande­ren Orten bege­ben … und als Ver­such ans Licht ges­tel­let, Bd. 24 (1723), 569–582


Lisle, Guillaume de (1675–1726). 1742. Atlas nou­veau, conte­nant toutes les par­ties su Monde, ou sont exac­te­ment remar­quees les empires, monar­chies, royaumes, etats, repu­bliques, &c. Par Guillaume de l'Isle. Pre­mier Geo­graphe de sa Majeste. A Amster­dam, Chez Jean Covens & Cor­neille Mor­tier, sur le Vygen­dam. (illus. on title page) Socio dita­ta labore … J. Wan­de­laar del. et fecit. (bound with) Inlei­dinge tot de Geo­gra­phie … Door den Heer San­son d'Abbeville, Ordi­na­ris Geo­gra­phist des Konings. Te Amster­dam, By Johannes Covens en Cor­ne­lis Mor­tier, Boek­ver­ko­pers op den Vygen­dam. Met Pri­vi­lel­gie der Hee­ren Staa­ten van Hol­land en West-Vries­land.


Jenc­quel, Kas­par Frie­drich (Cas­par Frie­drich Nei­cke­lius). 1727. Museo­gra­phia oder Anlei­tung zum rech­ten Begriff und nütz­li­cher Anle­gung der Mvseorvm Oder Raritä­ten-Kam­mern. Leip­zig: Hubert.


Kanold, Johann. 1729. Curieuse und nutz­bare Anmer­ckun­gen von Natur- und Kunst-Ges­chich­ten : durch eigene Erfah­rung und aus vie­ler­ley Cor­res­pon­denz gesammlet. Sup­pl. 4. Budißin: Rich­ter (152p., [8] ) Series: Samm­lung von Natur- und Medi­cin- wie auch hier­zu gehö­ri­gen Kunst- und Lite­ra­tur-Ges­chich­ten so sich von 1717–26 in Schle­sien und ande­ren Orten bege­ben … und als Ver­such ans Licht ges­tel­let / Sup­ple­men­tum curieu­ser und nutz­ba­rer Anmer­kun­gen von Natur- und Kunst­ges­chich­ten ; 4.


Kund­mann, Johann Chris­tian. 1723. Von denen zu Carls­berg in Sie­benbür­gen gefun­de­nen vie­len Römi­schen Num­mis, auch Lei­chen-Stei­nen mit Latei­ni­schen Ins­crip­tio­ni­bus, darun­ter eine von Achat 200. Pfund schwer. In: Samm­lung von Natur- und Medi­cin- wie auch hier­zu gehö­ri­gen Kunst- und Lite­ra­tur-Ges­chich­ten so sich von 1717–26 in Schle­sien und ande­ren Orten bege­ben … und als Ver­such ans Licht ges­tel­let, 24 (1723), 435–442


Mar­per­ger, Paul Jacob (1656–1730). 1707. Des Geöff­ne­ten Rit­ter-Platzes Drit­ter Theil, Worin­nen die Ausfüh­rung der noch übri­gen galan­ten Wis­sen­schaff­ten, Beson­ders was bey Raritä­ten- und Natu­ra­lien-Kam­mern, […] zu bemer­cken vorfäl­let, […], Ham­burg: Schil­ler 1707.


Secondary Literature


Bráz­dil, Rudolf, Andrea Kiss, Jürg Luter­ba­cher, and Hubert Valášek. (2008). “Wea­ther pat­terns in eas­tern Slo­va­kia 1717–1730, based on records from the Bres­lau meteo­ro­lo­gi­cal net­work”. Inter­na­tio­nal Jour­nal of Cli­ma­to­lo­gy. doi:10.1002/joc.1667


Find­len, Pau­la. 1996. Pos­ses­sing Nature. Museums, Col­lec­ting, and Scien­ti­fic Culture in Ear­ly Modern Ita­ly. Stu­dies on the his­to­ry of socie­ty and culture, 26. Ber­ke­ley, Los Angeles: Uni­ver­si­ty of Cali­for­nia Press.


Find­len, Pau­la. 2003. “Scien­ti­fic Spec­tacle”, in Baroque Rome: Atha­na­sius Kir­cher and the Roman Col­lege Museum, ed. Mor­de­chai Fein­gold, 226–284.


Gar­rett, Jef­frey. 1999. “Rede­fi­ning Order in the Ger­man Libra­ry, 1775–1825”. Eigh­teenth-Cen­tu­ry Stu­dies 33 (1): 103–123.


Hagner, Michael. 1999. “Enligh­te­ned Mons­ters”, in: William Clark, Jan Golins­ky, Simon Shaf­fer, The Sciences in Enligh­te­ned Europe, Chi­ca­go: The Uni­ver­si­ty of Chi­ca­go Press, 175–217.


Hirsch, August. 1882. „Kanold, Johann“, in: All­ge­meine Deutsche Bio­gra­phie, [online ver­sion]; URL:


Jae­ger, Hans. 1990. „Mar­per­ger, Paul Jacob“, in: Neue Deutsche Bio­gra­phie 16 (1990), 234 f. [online ver­sion]; URL:


Pearce, Susan M. 1999. Museums and their deve­lop­ment. The Euro­pean tra­di­tion 1700–1900; Vol. 2: Museo­gra­phia oder Anlei­tung zum rech­ten Begriff und nütz­li­cher Anle­gung der Museo­rum, oder Raritä­ten-Kam­mern, repr. of edi­tion Leip­zig 1727. Lon­don: Rout­ledge-Thoemmes.


6 Appendix


The appen­dix contains a rough trans­crip­tion of towns and men­tio­ned col­lec­tions out of Jencquel’s chap­ters 1 (cabi­nets of curio­si­ties), 2 (for­mer cabi­nets of curio­si­ties), and 3 (libra­ries). Kanold’s foot­notes and appen­dices are sepa­ra­te­ly lis­ted. This appen­dix is a work in pro­gress: the plan is to research each col­lec­tion sepa­ra­te­ly and link a spe­ci­fic web­site-page for each col­lec­tion to the entry in the table. The web­site-pages will contain not only the ori­gi­nal trans­cript of the pas­sages in Museo­gra­phia and their para­phra­sed trans­la­tions, but also lite­ra­ture, pic­tures and other infor­ma­tion that explain more of the context. The end­pro­duct will map out curio­si­ty cabi­nets, libra­ries and their inter­plays on dif­ferent levels throu­ghout Europe with an empha­sis on ter­ri­to­ries that today belong to Poland.



6.1 Jencquel’s List of towns with cabinets of curiosities (out of chapter 1)



Page no. Name of Entry(Translated Name of Town, Source: Wiki­pe­dia English) Men­tio­ned Col­lec­tions
19 A
19 Altorff (Alt­dorf near Nurem­berg) Libra­ry; hor­tus medi­cus; ana­to­my cabi­net
20 Amiens Jesuit libra­ry
20 Amboise Royal castle
20 Amras Wea­pons; natu­ral cabi­net; coins and medals; por­cel­lan; arte­facts; manus­cripts and rare books; ins­tru­ments; mine­rals; antiques
22 Amster­dam Town libra­ry; pri­vate libra­ries; cabi­nets of Mr van der Stern, Mr Bruyn, Mr Conbius, Mr Pott, Mr Schwem­mer­damms; east- and west Indian houses; gym­na­sium; audi­to­rium of bar­bers; hor­tus medi­cus; ana­to­my cabi­net
23 Ant­wer­pen (Ant­werp) Rubens’ art cabi­net
23 Arns­tadt Resi­dence of Prince Anto­nius Gün­ther von Schwartz­burg had a coin cabi­net, which was then bought by the Duke von Sach­sen-Gotha.
24 Arles Ancient gra­veyard (Roland)
24 Aug­spurg (Aug­sburg) Libra­ry; art cabi­net; coin cabi­nets of Count Fug­ger, Doc­tor Adolph Occo­ni, and Doc­tor Thomannus;Doctor Vel­schen: Medals and antiques, por­traits
25 B
25 Basel Libra­ry with por­traits; Fel­chia­nus: coin cabinet;Ammersbach’s art cabi­net, which is mer­ged with Eras­mus of Rotterdam’s rari­ties; Doc­tor Platter’s art cabi­net; town hall: six pic­tures by Hol­bein
26 Bar­dewyck Dome
26 Ber­lin Libra­ry: royal coin and medal cabi­net; royal castle: art and rari­ties cabi­net, cham­bers with expen­sive mobi­liar; royal stables, on which rari­ties and antiques; obser­va­to­ry of Royal Socie­ty of Sciences; Amphi­theatre in form of ani­mal gar­den
26 Bern (Berne) Libra­ry in the gym­na­sium
26 Besan­çon Palace of Mr de Bran­ville: sta­tues
27 Bour­deaux Monas­te­ry; town hall; ceme­te­ry of St. Seve­rin with stones that are full or emp­ty accor­ding to the moon phases
27 Bourges Tre­sor house; Saint Cha­pelle
27 Bolo­gna Mons­te­ry of the Domi­ni­cans with the body of the foun­der; rol­led pieces of the Hebrew Bible; S. Petro­nio: meri­dian line; town libra­ry; Mr Lotier, a Ban­ker: coin cabi­net; com­mu­nal palace: art cabi­nets of Ulysses Aldro­van­di and Mar­chese de Cos­pi; palaces of Duraz­zi, Doria, Popo­li, Renuc­ci, Fan­tuc­ci, Alber­got­ti, and Gene­ral Capra­ra: the lat­ter shows loot that he took back from the Turks
28 Breß­lau (Wro­claw) Libra­ries in two churches, with art and natu­ral cabi­nets; Count von Hatz­feld, palace: pictures;Count von Pros­kau: pic­tures, mathe­ma­ti­cal and opti­cal ins­tru­ments, coins, natu­ra­lia; Coun­tess Maria Sibyl­la: her own etchings of natu­ra­lia; Ben­ja­min a Loe­wens­taedt and Ron­ne­burg: pic­tures, sta­tues, mine­rals, fos­sils; Gott­fried Han­ckius, pas­tor, Num­mo­phy­la­cium; Michael Lie­ben­tantz, dia­co­nus at Maria Mag­da­le­na, coins and medals;Joh. Georg Paul: cabi­net of pic­tures, etchings, mine­rals; Johann Georg Kund­mann: natu­ral cabi­net
29 Bre­da Thea­trum ana­to­mi­cum; Hor­tus medi­cus seu Bota­ni­cus; castle: curio­si­ties
30 Bruessel (Brus­sels) Town hall: pic­tures; Jesuit libra­ry
31 Blois Her­bal pavi­lion with ani­mal gar­den; pavi­lion­Lus­thaus Beau­re­gard
31 C
31 Cas­sel (Kas­sel) Libra­ry
31 Coelln (Cologne) Relics and sacral curio­si­ties; libra­ries in the monas­te­ries and in the uni­ver­si­ty
31 Cop­pen­ha­gen (Copen­ha­gen) Royal Danish art cabi­net
32 Com­pos­tel­la Trea­sure cham­ber
32 Constan­ti­no­pel (Istan­bul) Trea­sure cham­ber of Turk empe­ror (Seven Towers)
32 D
32 Dant­zig (Gdansk) Libra­ry; hall above the mer­chants bourse with pain­tings and ant­lers; arse­nal
33 Delfft (Delft) Cabi­net of Mr. Leu­wen­baecks with Micro­sco­pia
33 Deven­ter Mr. Albert Cupe­rus’ Cabi­net with antiques
33 St. Denys (Saint-Denis) Church and abbey with orna­ments belon­ging to the crow­ning of the kings of France, rari­ties and relics;
33 Dole Public libra­ries and other antiques, p.e. Trium­phal Arc of Empe­ror Tibe­rius
33 Dor­drecht Secre­ta­rius de Witt: Curio­si­ty Cabi­net
33 Dreß­den (Dres­den) Art cham­ber with 7 parts; ana­to­my cham­ber; castle libra­ry; Roß phar­ma­cy in the prin­ce­ly stables; royal gar­den; Zwin­ger gar­den; Prin­ce­ly coin and medal cabi­net; Mr Potschild’s pain­tings; Mr von Tschirn­haus’ mill to polish and cut Jas­pis
34 E
34 Escu­rial (El Esco­rial) Archi­tec­ture of the monas­te­ry St. Lau­ren­tius, espe­cial­ly its libra­ry; pain­tings and globes; rare books; other astro­lo­gi­cal ins­tru­ments.
36 F
36 Fano Libra­ry; trium­phal arc
36 Franck­furt an der Oder (Frank­furt (Oder)) Libra­ry; church of the Car­thu­sians with 300 trea­tises writ­ten by Johannes ab Inda­gine.
37 Franck­furt am Mayn (Frank­furt (Main)) Town libra­ry with Doc­tor Waldschmidt’s cabi­net and libra­ry; Mr von Uffenbach’s libra­ry; Pre­di­ger monas­te­ry with art works by Durer; Town hall with Gol­den Bul­la; Mr von Berg’s Cabi­net
37 Flo­rentz (Flo­rence) Medi­ci palace, rari­ty cham­ber;
43 G
43 Gent (Ghent) Libra­ry
43 Genua (Genoa) Palace of Canon Fer­ro with rari­ty cham­ber
43 Gies­sen Libra­ry; col­lege with por­traits of pro­fes­sors; castle and armo­ry with rari­ties
43 Got­torff (Got­torf Castle) Libra­ry; gar­den
43 Gotha Coin cabi­net
44 Graetz (Grod­zisk Wiel­ko­pols­ki) Libra­ry; art cabi­net
44 H
44 Ham­burg Churches, arse­nal, libra­ry at St. Johan­nis­kirche with natu­ral his­to­ry col­lec­tion; Stub­bische coin col­lec­tion;
54 Har­lem (Haar­lem) Town libra­ry; ana­to­my cham­ber; hor­tus medi­cus
55 Haus im Busch (Fries­land) Hall pain­tings by Jor­dan Hond­horst and Anton van Dyck, one Rubens pain­ting
55 Hano­ver Relics in the castle church; coin cabi­net of Gerhard Mola­nus, the for­mer abbot of Loc­cum; royal libra­ry
55 Helm­staedt (Helm­stedt) Col­lege with libra­ry
56 I
56 Jena Bosisches Cabi­net with rare forei­gn coins, mine­rals, sculp­tures of pagan gods etc., medi­cal gar­den at the col­le­gio ana­to­mi­co; house of Prof. Wei­gel without stair­cases.
57 Ins­pruck (Inns­bruck) Castle of Ins­pruck with six gar­dens; gal­le­ry; tre­sor hall; ducal libra­ry; Arse­nal; ducal art cabi­net; phea­sant house and ani­mal gar­den.
58 K
58 Koenig­sberg (Kali­nin­grad) Castle with armo­ry, libra­ry; dome church with Wal­len­ro­dic libra­ry
59 L
63 Lei­den Medi­cal gar­den with “Indian Cabi­net” contai­ning exo­tic objects of natu­ral his­to­ry; ana­to­my cham­ber with sce­le­tons and cultu­ral objects like mum­mies and clothes.
65 Leip­zig Libra­ry and thea­tro ana­to­mi­co; town hall libra­ry with natu­ral his­to­ry col­lec­tion and coin col­lec­tion, contai­ning cabi­nets of Hein­rich Meyer and Chris­toph Daniel Fin­de­kel­ler; Lorentz’s art cham­ber; Bos’s gar­den; Rivi­nus natu­ral col­lec­tion;
65 Loo Gar­den, ani­mals and curious objects
65 Lon­den (Lon­don) Royal exchange; tower with arse­nals and tre­sor cham­ber; Royal Socie­ty
67 Loret­to San­ta Casa: trea­sure
68 Luebeck (Lübeck) Doc­tor Göt­zius: libra­ry; Mr. M. Jacob von Mel­len: coin cabi­net; churches
69 Lueneburg (Lüne­burg) Public libra­ry; town hall kit­chen­room: Part of a sow
69 Lion (Lyon) Mr de Liergues: Cabi­net with coins, antiques, rari­ties and arte­facts; Mr Ser­viens’ cabi­net see Mont­pel­lier
70 M
70 Mag­de­burg Otto von Gue­ricke: Pneu­ma­tic curio­si­ties (des­troyed 1631); Dome St. Mau­ri­tius with antiques
70 Madrit (Madrid) Royal trea­sure
70 Mes­si­na Petrus Cas­tel­li: Rari­ty cabi­net (once)
70 Mila­no, oder Mey­land (Milan) Man­fre­dus Set­ta­la: Cabi­net with glas lenses, natu­ral his­to­ry objects; coins; pie­tri­fied woods and fruits; arte­facts; mine­rals; pain­tings; Ambro­sian libra­ry: more than 40.000 books; aca­de­my of pain­ting
71 Mont­pel­lier Hor­tus medi­cus; col­leges; rumor that Mr. Ser­vien had his cabi­net here and that it went to Lyon: mathe­ma­ti­cal tricks made by him­self
73 Muenchen (Munich) Elector’s armo­ry, libra­ry and art cabi­net with five cham­bers, pers­pec­tive hall with pain­tings sho­wing pers­pec­tive; antiques hall; fur­ni­ture hall; trea­sure hall; cabi­net with medals
74 N
74 Nan­cy Palace with pain­tings and rari­ties
74 Nea­po­lis (Naples) Palace of Vice King; libra­ry of Holy Apostles; once: Marius Sci­pia­nus’ and Fer­ran­dus Impe­ria­lis’ natu­ral cabi­nets; Mr Fran­ces­co Pichet­ti: cabi­net of antiques; cabi­nets of Caraf­fa, Ciof­fi; Dona­ti; Ere­mit.
75 Nuernberg (Nürn­berg) Pre­di­ger monas­te­ry with libra­ry contai­ning manus­cripts and objects; Volckamer’s cabi­net; Welser’s cabi­net; Biati’s cabi­net with rari­ties; Mr. Ebener’s antiques cabi­net; Mr Hantsch’s mecha­ni­cal rari­ty cabi­net; Mr Stoeberlein’s natu­ral cabi­net; Mr Besler’s cabi­net
77 O
77 Olden­burg Libra­ry, gar­den
77 Orten­burg Castle with cabi­net of arte­facts; ani­mal gar­den
77 Ora­nien­burg Palace of the King of Prus­sia with rari­ties and the Por­cel­lain cham­ber
77 Orleans Libra­ry; uni­ver­si­ty
77 Oxford Many libra­ries with rare books, most famous Bodleian libra­ry, ana­to­my hall.
79 P
79 Pas­sau Car­di­nal Duke von Lam­berg, libra­ry (Duke died 1712)
79 Paris Fran­cis­can monas­te­ry with royal libra­ry; obser­va­to­ry; Che­va­lier de Lor­raine: pain­tings; Louvre: pain­tings; Mr. Belluchau’s pain­ting cabi­net; Bailly de Hauteseville’s pain­ting cabi­net; Bau­de­lot d’Arrival’s antiques; Mr Vivant’s coin cabi­net; Fran­cis Drott at the Church St. Tomas du Louvre; Abbot Aignan, Abbey St. Ger­main: che­mi­cal cabi­net; rari­ty cabi­net of Mr Bou­cot; royal medal cabi­net; Mr Vaillant’s coin cabi­net; Fran­cois d’Orbay’s cabi­net; royal medi­cal gar­den with natu­ral cabi­net; Duchess de Beu­vron, arte­fact trea­sures; cabi­net with medal stamps; royal libra­ry: medal cabi­net; abbey St. Gene­vieve du Mont with cabi­net and libra­ry; Mr Ant. Benoist’s wax por­trait cabi­net; Sor­bonne; Col­lege Royal; Aca­de­mie Fran­çaise; Aca­de­mie des Sciences, des Lettres, des Medailles; royal gar­den Tuilliers; Hos­pi­tal des Inva­lides.
82 Padua Dome with libra­ry; Church of Saint Antho­ny of Lis­bon: trea­sures; many art cabi­nets
82 St. Peters­burg (Saint Peters­burg) Czar Peter has visi­ted Europe in 1697 and 1698 and has bought curio­si­ties, they might be in St. Peters­burg.
84 Phi­lipps­burg His Excel­len­cy the Gene­ral Thuengen’s coin cabi­net
84 Pisa Hor­tus medi­cus; natu­ral cabi­net; arte­facts
84 Prag (Prague) Col­leges inclu­ding Jesuit col­lege; royal castle Rat­schin with cabi­net and gar­dens
85 R
85 Riche­lieu Castle with pain­tings, sta­tues and other rari­ties, libra­ry
85 Rimi­ni Duke of Giam­bo­lo­gna: libra­ry with books and objects
85 Regens­purg (Regens­burg) Hall with mosaic oppo­site town hall; churches; Jesuit col­lege S. Eme­ran; monas­te­ry with bibles in gol­den let­ters writ­ten in Basel and seen by Melanch­thon
86 Rot­ter­dam Mr. Deinor’s cabi­net; Sr. van Vliet: arte­facts, esp. paper­cuts
86 Rostock Libra­ries
86 Rouen Jesuit col­lege with libra­ry; monas­te­ry S. Ouen with rari­ties
86 Rom (Rome) Vati­can: pic­tures, clothes, relics, crowns, libra­ry; Bel­ve­dere: gar­den; papal armo­ry; Palaz­zo Altie­ri: libra­ries; libra­ry of the Augus­tins; libra­ry of Otto­bon; impor­tant libra­ries: Car­di­nal Chi­gi, Bar­be­ri­ni, Impe­riale, Alla Chie­sa Nuo­va, Patri­bus dell’Oratorio S. Phi­lip­po Neri; Col­le­gio del Capra­ni­ca: law libra­ry; Prae­lat Seve­ro­li: law libra­ry; libra­ries at Ara Coe­li, S. Maria del Popu­lo, S. Miner­va, S. Pras­cede, etc.
108 S
108 Saltz­tha­len (Salz­dah­lum) Art and rari­ty cabi­net
109 Saltz­burg (Salz­burg) Art and wea­pon cabi­net of Arch­bi­shop; armo­ries; dome S. Petrus; monas­te­ry S. Sebas­tian
109 Straß­burg (Stras­bourg) Art cabi­net in the monas­te­ry of dis­cal­ced Car­me­lites; armo­ry; libra­ry foun­ded by Bisho­pOt­tone and fur­ther built up by the theo­lo­gian Gei­le­rus; dome with clo­ck­work
110 Stet­tin (Szc­ze­cin) Libra­ry of royal gym­na­sium; coin cabi­net of Doc­tor Cra­mer, minis­ter of the church S. Jacob
110 Stral­sund Gym­na­sium with libra­ry
110 Stock­holm Royal libra­ry; cabi­net of Mas­ter von Ackers­tiern contains libra­ry, art and coin cabi­net; cabi­nets ofMr Nie­mann, Mr Baren­ner, Mr Carl­stein
111 T
111 Thorn (Torun) Libra­ries of the refor­med and Luthe­ran confessions;tomb of Coper­ni­cus
112 Thou­louse Churches S. Ste­phan, Satur­ni­nus; monas­te­ry of Obser­vants: Curio­si­ties
112 Turin Palaces (royal palace: fur­ni­ture); Churches (Jesuits and others): pain­tings; monas­te­ries, col­leges and two aca­de­mies: rare curio­si­ties; libra­ry and art cabi­net of the Duke
112 U
112 Ulm Wei­ck­mann coin cabi­net: medals, art and natu­ra­lia; Fur­ten­bach cabi­net: models of machines
113 Upsal (Upp­sa­la) Col­le­gio Aca­de­mi­co Gus­ta­via­no: libra­ry and cabi­net with coins etc. (went from Aug­sburg to Gus­taf Adolf); Rud­be­ckii House
113 Utrecht Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry; churches with rari­ties, among them uni­corns
114 V
114 Ver­sailles Stairs; ani­mal gar­dens
114 Vene­dig (Venice) Libra­ry of S. Mar­co; Car­di­nal Bessarion’s libra­ry; libra­ries in the monas­te­ries and col­leges at S. Johannes and Pau­lus, S. Ste­pha­nus, Ser­vo­rum Maria, S. Geor­gius Majo­ris, S. Comi­ni­cus, S. Anto­nius (for­mer owner was Picus a Miran­du­la); in the libra­ries next to the rare books are also pic­tures by Titian etc., and sta­tues. S. Mar­cus Tre­sor or Trea­sure house; palace S. Mar­cus; armo­ry; two aca­de­mies of pain­ting
123 Vele­tri (Vel­le­tri) Mar­grave Ganetti’s resi­dence with antiques
124 Vero­na Fran­cis­cus Cal­ceo­lar cabi­net
125 W
125 Wei­mar Castle Wil­helm­sburg: libra­ry, coin cabi­net; art and natu­ral cabi­net (from town mayor Chris­tian Lorentz von Adler­shelm of Leip­zig)
125 Wis­mar Libra­ry of Vice-Pre­sident Mevius
125 Wien (Vien­na) Libra­ry of the Empe­ror (star­ted by Maxi­mi­lian I, incor­po­ra­ted: Mat­thias’ libra­ry from Ofen; Johannes Sam­bu­cus’; Mat­thaeius Cor­vi­nus’ and Wolff­gang Lazius’ libra­ries; Auge­rius Bus­be­quius’, Johan­nis Cuspiniani’s libra­ry; Empe­ror Fer­di­nan­dus III’s libra­ry; the libra­ry of the Fug­ger; Ambro­sian libra­ry; trea­sure cabi­net; ani­mal gar­den; cabi­nets of: Trauth­son, Bock, Alprun­ner; St. Ste­phan and three Jesuit churches; more palaces and col­leges
131 Wit­ten­berg Gott­fr. Nico­lai, town judge and apo­the­ca­ry: natu­ral cabi­net with Bezoars (des­crip­tion: Chris­tian War­litz)
133 Worms Civi­lian house (Bür­ge­rhaus) with bench on which Luther sat; coin house
134 Wol­fen­buettel (Wol­fenbüt­tel) Libra­ry (inte­gra­ting the libra­ries of Fre­her, Curione father and son, Clu­te­nius, with curio­si­ty cabinet;mathematical ins­tru­ments cabi­net (see also Saltz­tha­len, with libra­ry and curio­si­ty cabi­net)
137 Z
137 (to 137) Zuerich (Zürich) Libra­ry; coin cabi­net; natu­ral cabi­net; arse­nal; Col­le­gium Caro­li­num: libra­ry; Joh. Jac. Scheu­ch­zer, natu­ral cabi­net (petri­fied fish and her­ba­rium)




6.2 Kanold’s additions (towns with curiosity cabinets) to chapter 1


Kanold’s appen­dix to chap­ter 1


Page no. Name of Entry Men­tio­ned Col­lec­tions
138 Amster­dam Art and natu­ral cabi­net of Alber­tus Seba
140 Ans­pach (Ans­bach) Mr Joh. Chris­tian Rau’s coin cabi­net
142 Ber­lin Royal armo­ry, royal art cabi­net, Royal medal cabi­net, cabi­net of the socie­ty on the obser­va­to­ry; Doc­tor Eller’s mine­ral cabi­net; apo­the­ca­ry Neumann’s bota­ni­cal col­lec­tion; Mr Frische’s cabi­net of insects
143 Cah­la Doc­tor Beyer’s natu­ral cabi­net
144 Coblentz (Koblenz) Doc­tor Hiegell’s art and natu­ral cabi­net
145 Coburg Doc­tor Albrecht’s cabi­net; Doc­tor Verporrten’s cabi­net, both natu­ral cabi­nets; minis­ter Berger’s coin and medal cabi­net
147 Eise­nach Mr Negelein’s natu­ral cabi­net
148 Franck­furt am Mayn (Frank­furt (Main)) Doc­tor Rißner’s mine­ral cabi­net; Mr von Uffenbach’s arte­facts’ cabi­net; Mr von Loen’s art cabi­net; Mr von der Burg’s art cabi­net; Mr von Uchelli’s art and arte­facts cabi­net; Doc­tor Ochs’ coin cabi­net
152 Land­shut Mr Ropisch’s natu­ral and coin cabi­net; Mr von Beuchel’s cabi­net
154 Leip­zig Mr Lincke’s natu­ral cabi­net
157 Mag­de­burg Apo­the­ca­ry Oloff’s natu­ral cabi­net
159 Mem­min­gen Rare coins’ cabi­net (ano­ny­mous­ly publi­shed)
162 Nuernberg (Nürn­berg) Mr Imhof’s art cabi­net; Mr Praun’s art cabi­net; Mr Volckamer’s art and natu­ral cabi­net; Mr Ebermayer’s art and natu­ral cabi­net
169 Regens­burg Apo­the­ca­ry Weinmann’s natu­ral cabi­net
170 Ulm Mat­thäus Bayer’s list of curio­si­ties for sale at his house
177 (to 178 incl) Wei­mar Doc­tor Mueller’s art and natu­ral cabi­net



Kanold’s footnotes to chapter 1


Page no. Name of Entry Men­tio­ned Col­lec­tions
25 Anger­burg Mr Hellwing’s lost fos­sil cabi­net
25 Ans­pach (Ans­bach) Prin­ce­ly art cabi­net
30 Bir­cken­feld (Bir­ken­feld) Art cabi­net
30 Braun­sch­weig Doc­tor Brueckmann’s natu­ral cabi­net; Mr Schmidt’s coin and natu­ral cabi­net; Mr Ridder’s coin and art cabi­net; Mr Rauschenplatt’s natu­ral cabi­net
35 Eise­nach see appen­dix
36 Elbin­gen Prof. Seiler’s coin cabi­net
36 Erfurt von Lincker’s art cabi­net; Doc­tor Cortum’s mine­ral cabi­net
42 Frey­berg in Meis­sen (Frei­berg) von Tettau’s mine­ral cabi­net
44 St. Gall Art cabi­net
44 Graentz­hof in Cur­land (Grenz­hof (Lat­via)) Mr Rha­naeus’ antiques cabi­net
44 Gunt­zen­hau­sen (Gun­zen­hau­sen) Baron Eichler von Auritz’ art cabi­net;
56 Halle im Mag­de­bur­gi­schen (Halle) Hoffmann’s cabi­net; Orpha­nage art cabi­net; Spener’s cabi­net sold in Ber­lin
56 Schwaebisch-Hall (Schwä­bisch-Hall) Apo­the­ca­ry Erich’s her­ba­rium vivum
56 Hanau Count Casimir’s art and natu­ral cabi­net
56 Hei­del­berg Coin and medal cabi­nets
56 Herr­mans­tadt in Sie­ben­buergen (Sibiu (Roma­nia)) Libra­ry of the Gym­na­sium with natu­ral cabi­net
57 Hurés (Monas­te­ry Hures (Wal­la­chia) Monas­te­ry libra­ry and curio­si­ties
58 Kaesmarck (Kez­ma­rok (Slo­va­kia)) Dr. Fischer’s natu­ral cabi­net; Mr. Buch­holtz, natu­ral cabi­net
69 Land­shut Mr Ropisch’s natu­ral and coin cabi­net
69 Lignitz (Legni­ca (Poland)) Mr Dewerdeck’s coin cabi­net
69 Leut­kirch Dr. Furtenbach’s cabi­net of arte­facts
69 Loewen (Leu­ven) Doc­tor Gutschoven’s ana­to­my cabi­net
69 Lucern Doc­tor Lange’s natu­ral cabi­net
73 Man­tua Antiques hall
73 Mas­sel (Mas­low (Poland)) Mr Hermann’s fos­sils and antiques cabi­net
74 Mem­min­gen Doc­tor Ehrhart’s natu­ral cabi­net
78 Oels (Oles­ni­ca (Poland)) Libra­ry with natu­ral cabi­net and coin cabi­net
84 Par­ma Cabi­net of coins and medals
108 Riga Doc­tor Martini’s natu­ral cabi­net; Doc­tor Fischer’s nau­tral cabi­net
108 Rummes in Sie­ben­buergen (Romos (Roma­nia)) Mr Roehrig’s coin col­lec­tion
110 Schaff­hau­sen: Solo­thurn (Schaff­hau­sen and Solo­thurn) Paul­li­nus’ art and natu­ral cabi­net
111 Stutt­gard (Stutt­gart) Ducal natu­ral cabi­net; Mr Hiemer’s natu­ral cabi­net
112 Tuebin­gen (Tübin­gen) Prof. Camerario’s cabi­net; apo­the­ca­ry Gmehlin’s natu­ral cabi­net, has pur­cha­sed the cabi­net of apo­the­ca­ry Ott­mann from Stutt­gart
136 Wuerzburg (Würz­burg) Doc­tor Beringer’s col­lec­tion of petri­fied ani­mals




6.3 Jencquel’s List of towns with former cabinets of curiosities (out of chapter 2)



Page no. Name of Entry Men­tio­ned Col­lec­tions
181 A
181 Agra Castle with trea­sure and gar­den
182 Amster­dam Johann Vol­ckers’ rari­ty cabi­net; Mr Roeter’s rari­ty cabi­net; Joann Schrammerdam’s apo­the­ca­ry cabi­net; Georg Reynst’s cabi­net; Mr Bruyn’s rari­ty cabi­net; Mr. N. Blaeu’s cabi­net; Mr. N. Colbius’s cabi­net; Mr. Joann Poti’s cabi­net; Mr Ruy­schens’ Ana­to­my cham­ber
183 Alc­mar (Alk­maar) Cor­ne­lius Drebbel’s cabi­net
183 Altorff (Alt­dorf near Nurem­berg) Doc­tor Mau­ri­tius Hoffmann’s Cabi­net
183 Aqui­ta­nien (Aqui­taine) Scaliger’s curio­si­ties
183 Arles Mr Pireskii’s rari­ty cabi­net, art cabi­net of Aga­thus
184 Andex (Andechs) Bene­dic­tine monas­te­ry with trea­sures and rari­ties, most­ly relics
184 Aug­spurg (Aug­sburg) Magis­ter Mis­son (micro­sco­pic arte­facts); Doc­tor Georg Hie­ro­ny­mus Vel­schius (rari­ties)
185 Augus­tus­burg Castle with natu­ral cabi­net
185 B
185 Ber­lin Royal rari­ty cabi­net with rare arte­facts, trea­su­ry, coin cabi­net in the libra­ry, antiques, arse­nal; Pro­fes­sor Pfeif­fer: natu­ral cabi­net.
186 Breß­lau (Wro­claw) Mr Joh. Kret­sch­mar; Mr D. Lau­reae; Bro­thers Voli­gna­dius; Mr D. Lau­ren­tius Scholt­zius; Mr. N. Kalen­ber­ger; Mr N. Kru­sius; Mr D. Phi­lip. Jacob. Sachs a Loe­wen­heim; Mr von Rethel; Mr D. Fri­dr. Kalt­sch­mied (mine­rals); Mr von Lohn­stein (coins); Hau­nol­dian (coins); Mr von Hoff­manns­wal­dau (coins); Mr von Reusch (coins); libra­ry of S. Eli­sa­beth; libra­ry of S. Maria Mag­da­le­na
186 Bolo­gna or Bono­nien (Bolo­gna) Doc­tor Aldro­van­di (natu­ral cabi­net); Mar­chese Cos­pi (antiques); Mr. Lotiers (coins); Mr Vin­ti­mi­glia (rari­ties)
186 Bor­deaux Mr Samuel Vey­rel (rari­ties); Mr N. Rae­mun­dus (rari­ties)
186 Bre­men Art cabi­net of Mr Meyer
187 Beven­sen Mr. Sigis­mund Schell­ham­mer (rari­ties)
187 Brüs­sel (Brus­sels) Jesuits (rari­ties)
187 C
187 Cop­pen­ha­gen (Copen­ha­gen) Olaus Wor­mius (Natu­ral cabi­net); N. Cha­ri­sius (rari­ties); Tho­mus Bar­tho­li­nus (rari­ties); Doc­tor Hen­rich Fusi­ren (rari­ties); Museum reg. Dan. or Royal Danish Art and Natu­ral cabi­net;
188 Cey­lon (Sri Lan­ka) Royal Trea­sure
189 Cus­co Royal Castle with gar­den as gol­den rari­ties
189 Constan­ti­no­pel (Istan­bul) Ibra­him Bas­sa, Castle (rari­ties, trea­sure); Sul­tan, trea­sure hall
190 Coeln (Cologne) Mr von Fürs­ten­berg (rari­ties)
190 D
190 Des­sau Castle with two cabi­nets for pain­tings and por­cel­lan
191 Dant­zig (Gdansk) Mr Bey­nius (cabi­net); Mr de Noyens (cabi­net)
191 Darm­stadt Land­graves of Hes­sen: art cabi­net
191 Dreß­den (Dres­den) Elector’s Art Cabi­net (arte­facts, natu­ra­lia, trea­sure)
195 Delfft (Delft) Doc­tor van der Meer, Mr. le Revier, Doc­tor Dacket, Doc­tor Gra­ve­sandt
195 E
195 Enck­huy­sen (Enkhui­zen) Doc­tor Gerhard Palu­da­ni, art cabi­net
195 F
195 Frie­de­richss­tadt (Frie­drichs­tadt)
  1. Ovens; Jens Mar­tens (both: art cabi­nets, the lat­ter: conchy­lien and other rari­ties)
195 Franck­furt am Mayn (Frank­furt (Main)) Doc­tor Hors­tius (rari­ties); Doc­tor Peters (rari­ties)
195 Femern (Feh­marn) Pater Chris­tian Det­lev Rhode (antiques, went to Lübeck)
196 Frie­de­richs­burg and Fon­tai­ne­bleau (Frie­drichs­burg and Fon­tai­ne­bleau) Two royal castles, Danish and French; both loa­ded with trea­sure, arte­facts and natu­ra­lia.
196 Flo­rentz (Flo­rence) Churches (Dome, S. Gio­van­ni, del­la Nun­zia­ta, S. Lau­ren­tius, Medi­ci-cha­pel); apo­the­ca­ries with che­mi­cal col­lec­tions
197 G
197 Got­torff (Castle Got­torf) The art cabi­net of the Duke of Hol­stein with is foun­da­tion in the col­lec­tion of Doc­tor Gerhar­dus Palu­da­nus
197 Gotha Magis­ter Reyher’s cabi­net
198 Geiß­lin­gen Johann Lud­wig Guetius’s rari­ties
198 H
198 Haag (The Hague) Prince Moritz von Nassau’s new resi­dence: Ame­ri­can rari­ties; Johann Schellhammer’s cabi­net; Natu­ral cabi­net of Mr Resne­rus
198 Halle in Mag­de­bur­gi­schen (Halle) Prince Albrecht’s rari­ties; Mr Lau­ren­tius Hoffmann’s rari­ties
198 Hamp­ton­court Castle with rari­ties of Hen­ry VIII
198 Ham­burg Once: Doc­tor Fogel, Doc­tor Hus­ve­del (cabi­net went to Swe­den), Johann Mos­sauer, David Schell­ham­mer, N. Sivers, P. Pro­fes­sor Mathem., Mr Ambro­sius Lehmann’s Mus­sels cabi­net; Doc­tor Otto Sperling’s cabi­net; Lüders’ coin cabi­net, William Koen, rari­ty; Mr Schott’s curiosities;Today: Johannes Ander­son (rari­ties and antiques); Mar­cus Frie­drich Sten­glien (pain­tings); Johann Frie­drich Natorp (rari­ties); Arnold Haen­schen (Mus­sels and insects); Petrus Johann Movers (curio­si­ties); Daniel Quint (rari­ties); Nr. Berend­lau­sen (rari­ties); Mat­thias Lüt­gens (pain­tings); Doc­tor Anto­nius Ver­borg (ana­to­my); Mr. Stubb’s cabi­net; Mr. Levi’s coin cabi­net; de Her­tho­gen fami­ly: natu­ral cabi­net; Doc­tor Baertling’s natu­ral cabi­net; public libra­ries with natu­ral and Mathe­ma­ti­cal rari­ties.
200 Hues­ca Don Vin­cen­zio Juan de Lastanosa’s rari­ty cabi­net
200 Hanau Graf Casi­mi­rus: rari­ty cabi­net
200 Har­burg Bar­thold de Lon­gon: rari­ty cabi­net
200 Hil­de­sheim Doc­tor Frie­drich Lach­mund: rari­ty cabi­net
200 I
200 Jena Doc­tor Wedel, Doc­tor Roll­finck: cabi­nets
201 Jeru­sa­lem King Salo­mon: rari­ty cabi­net, His­kias: rari­ty cabi­net (Lit. Major)
201 K
201 Kiel Johann Daniel Major: museum
201 L
201 Lauen­burg Dukes of Lauen­burg
201 Leip­zig Art and rari­ty cabi­nets of Rivi­nus (Medi­cus and Bota­ni­cus), Lorentz Adler­shelm (Town Major), Doc­tor Elias Sigis­mud von Rein­hardt, N. Bosius, N. Meyer
201 Lei­den Ana­to­my cham­ber; Ambu­la­crum of medi­cal gar­den; Doc­tor Johann Horn, N. Knolter:rarity cabi­nets
201 Loewen (Leu­ven) Doc­tor Gut­scho­ven: ana­to­my cabi­net
201 Lon­den (Lon­don) Mr Pet­ti­ver; Joann Tru­de­sio: museum at South Lam­beth with gar­den of rare plants; Museum Ash­mo­lea­num
202 M
202 Mont­pel­lier
  1. Cas­tel­la­nus, Juber­tus: rari­ty cabi­nets
202 Man­tua Prince Gon­za­ga, rari­ty cabi­net
202 Mal­ta Joann. Fran­cis­cus Habe­la, rari­ty cabi­net
203 Mas­trich (Maas­tricht) Stone-cave at St. Peter­shill
203 Mes­si­na Petrus Cas­tel­lus foun­ded a medi­cal gar­den, an ana­to­mi­cal theatre, and a che­mi­cal labo­ra­to­ry
203 Mexi­co Palaces of King Mon­te­zu­ma
205 N
205 Nea­po­lis (Naples) Rari­ty cham­bers of Tib. Caraf­fa; Johann. Vin­cen­tii Por­ta
205 Nan­cking (Nan­jing) Astro­no­mi­cal obser­va­to­ry with mathe­ma­ti­cal ins­tru­ments
206 Nimes Cano­ni­cus, Art cabi­net with head of Cleo­pa­tra
207 Nim­we­gen (Nij­me­gen) Sme­tius, Pina­co­the­ca
207 Nürn­berg Doc­tor Mich. Rupert Bes­ler; Dil­hern; Doc­tor Hil­lin­ger; Stö­ber­lein (apo­the­ca­ry); Via­ti; Ebe­ner (antiques, coins and etchings)
207 P
207 Padua Bona­vi­dius, Bru­zi, Cor­ra­di­nus, Sala, Spe­ro­nius, Ser­to­rius Ursa­tus: rari­ty and natu­ral cabi­nets, the best was: Carl Patis (prof. med.)
207 Paris Car­di­nal Riche­lieu; Mr Pre­te­segle; Guil. Musi­cus; Girar­don (sculp­tor); Che­val. de Lor­raine (pain­tings) Secre­taire Bel­lu­cham; Bailly d’Hauteseville; Col­bert (medals); De The­ro­venne; De Seve; Patin Junior; de Male­branche; Ban­de­lot d’Arival; Fran­cois d’Orbay Vaillant (coins); Canon Fran­cois Drou; Abbé Dignan, chy­mi­cal rari­ties; Mon­ta­rey, dif­ferent rari­ties; Bou­cot, conchy­lia; Ant. Benoist, wax and clothes
208 Poic­tiers (Poi­tiers) Pau­li Contan­ti, Art and won­der cabi­net
208 Pisa Medi­cal facul­ty: rari­ty cham­ber
208 Pra­to­lin (Pra­to­li­no) Grand Duke of Flo­rence, rari­ty cham­ber
208 Puna King’s resi­dence (for­mer)
209 Q
209 Qued­lin­burg
  1. Hom­burg, museum
210 Rot­ter­dam Eras­mus (Basel)
210 Rom (Rome) Vati­can; Qui­ri­nal; Capi­to­lio; Palaz­zo Bar­ba­ri­ni, Vil­la Bor­ghese; Palaz­zo Far­nese; Palaces of Jus­ti­nia­ni, Ludo­vi­si; gar­den of Mathei; Palaces and gar­dens of de’ Medi­ci; Mon­tal­to; Pam­phy­li
213 Schwein­furt Doc­tor Bau­schius, museum
213 Ste­tin (Szc­ze­cin (Poland)) Magis­ter Ran­go, museum
214 Straß­burg (Stras­bourg) Mr Bra­cken­hof­fer: museum; convent of dis­cal­ced Car­me­lite friars
214 Stutt­gard (Stutt­gart) Prince of Wuertem­berg
214 T
214 Turin Duke’s Pal­last



6.4 Kanold’s additions (towns with former curiosity cabinets) to chapter 2


Kanold’s footnotes to chapter 2


Page no. Town (Wiki­pe­dia English) Cabi­nets
185 Aug­spurg (Aug­sburg) In addi­tion: cabi­nets of Peu­tin­ger, Schal­ler and Schaum­berg
185 Aix Mr Nic. Claud. Fra­bri­cius de Pei­resc, arte­facts and natu­ra­lia cabi­net; Mr Bour­rilly, cabi­net; Mr Lau­tier, cabi­net.
185 Angers Mr Chau­det, apo­the­ca­ry (natu­ra­lia and arte­facts cabi­net)
185 Ant­wer­pen (Ant­werp) Mr. Douart (pain­tings)
187 Bern­burg Doc­tor Pfan­nen­sch­midt (mine­rals)
205 Mid­del­burg Mr Fie­ren­tio, rari­ties and pain­tings; Mr. Del­corne, rari­ties
205 Mont­fort Rari­ty cabi­net
213 Rochelle (La Rochelle) Mr Hame­lot (doc­tor), curio­si­ties; Mr Flans (refor­med minis­ter), Art cham­ber
216 Xaintes Mr Verst, apo­the­ca­ry rari­ty cabi­net



6.5 Jencquel’s List of towns with libraries (out of chapter 3)



Page no. Name of Entry Men­tio­ned Libra­ries
240 Athen (Athens) First libra­ry, put toge­ther by Pisi­tra­tus
240 Ame­ri­ca (conti­nent) Spa­nish conque­rors found books on agri­cul­ture, plants and his­to­ry, see “Col­lua­can”
241 Amiens Jesuit libra­ry
241 Amras (part of Inns­bruck) castle libra­ry
241 Altorff (Alt­dorf near Nürn­berg) uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry with books and curio­si­ties
241 Abys­si­nia (Ethio­pia) Chris­tian libra­ry
242 Ama­ra (Amha­ra in Ethio­pia) Libra­ry foun­da­tion by Queen of Saba (legen­da­ry)
243 Aba­ga­me­dra (town in Ethio­pia) Monas­te­ry libra­ry
243 Alca­la des Henares (Alcalá de Henares) Fran­cis­cus Ximenes’ libra­ry, foun­ded in 1517, next to the Uni­ver­si­ty Com­plu­tense
243 Allgäu Monas­te­ry St. Urban, built 1194
243 Algier (Algiers) Libra­ry of the Alge­rian Gover­nor
243 Alexan­dria Royal Libra­ry of King Pto­le­meus Phi­la­del­phus
246 Antio­chia (Anta­kya (Tur­key)) Libra­ry in Trajan’s Temple
246 Athos (Moun­tain) Monas­te­ries’ libra­ries
247 Achen (Aachen) Caro­lus Magnus’ libra­ry
247 Ara­bien (Ara­bia) King Jo. Almanzor’s libra­ry; also: libra­ries in Bag­dad, Baby­lon, Gaza, Damas­cus and Mau­ri­ta­nia (the Mau­ri­ta­nian libra­ry was brought to Spain and mer­ged with the Esco­rial libra­ry), Maroc­co, Constan­ti­nople (had three Ara­bian libra­ries)
247 Amster­dam Public town libra­ry
248 Ant­wer­pen (Ant­werp) Many libra­ries
248 Anhalt Anhalt libra­ry
248 Aqui­ta­nien (Aqui­taine) Libra­ry of Sca­li­ger
248 Arde­bil (Arda­bil (Iran)) Libra­ry
248 Auchei Libra­ries
248 Aug­spurg (Aug­sburg) Town libra­ry
249 Arns­tadt Libra­ry
249 Agra Royal castle: trea­sure of books
249 B
249 Basel Libra­ry, mer­ged with Ammerbach’s libra­ry
250 Bag­dad Libra­ry; Libra­ry of Monas­te­ry of Nes­to­rians
250 Bern (Berne) Town libra­ry, includes Bongarsuis’s libra­ry
250 Ber­ga­mo Libra­ry
250 Hei­li­gen Berg (Mount Athos, Greece) Manus­cript libra­ry
251 Ber­lin Town libra­ry with rare books and manus­cripts in many lan­guages
252 Blois King Louis II’s libra­ry (his­to­ry books)
252 Bolo­gna Libra­ries in monas­te­ries; uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry; libra­ry of Aldro­van­di (once, went to Rome)
253 Bourges Town libra­ry with libra­ry of J. C. Boe­rii
253 Bre­da Prince of Orange Fre­de­ric Hen­ry has foun­ded a prin­ce­ly school and col­le­gium, inclu­ding a libra­ry
253 Breß­lau (Wro­claw) Pro­tes­tant libra­ries: Biblio­the­ca Eli­sa­be­tha­na; Biblio­the­ca Mag­da­le­nea
258 Bruessel (Brus­sels) Jesuit Col­lege and Libra­ry
258 Brei­ten­burg Count Hein­rich von Rantzau’s resi­dence with libra­ry
259 Besan­çon Palace de Granvelle’s libra­ry
259 C
259 Cas­sel (Kas­sel) Prin­ce­ly libra­ry
259 Caf­fa (Feo­do­sia (Ukraine)) Monas­te­ry S. Bla­sius
259 Cam­bridge Col­leges with libra­ries, among which excel the public uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry and libra­ry at the Bene­dic­tine col­lege
259 Cop­pen­ha­gen (Copen­ha­gen) Libra­ry belon­ging to the aca­de­my; Gref­fen­feld earl of Sam­soe had once a libra­ry (burnt down); prof. Reiser’s libra­ry; pri­vy coun­sel­lor Rostegard’s libra­ry (auc­tio­ned off)
260 Daenemarck (Den­mark) Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ries and pri­vate libra­ries
260 Coburg Duke Johann Casi­mi­rus’ libra­ry taken away by Gene­ral von Wal­len­stein
261 Col­lua­can (Region in Mexi­co) Books were found among the native south Ame­ri­cans of this region
261 Constan­ti­no­pel (Istan­bul) Three Ara­bian Libra­ries: Empe­ror Constantin’s libra­ry; a libra­ry for nobi­li­ty and slaves; a libra­ry close to the cham­ber of Great-Sul­tan (burnt down in 1665)
261 Cor­du­ba (Cor­do­ba) Sara­cene royal libra­ry and col­lege, taken into Afri­can exile
263 Cor­fu Libra­ry (Augspurg’s coun­sel­lors bought in 1545 manus­cripts from there)
263 Cozu­mel (in South Ame­ri­ca) Spa­nish conque­rors found books on agri­cul­ture, plants, and his­to­ry
263 Cra­cau (Kra­kow) The big­ger of the two theo­lo­gi­cal-phi­lo­so­phi­cal Col­leges of Cra­cau Uni­ver­si­ty has an excellent libra­ry
263 D
263 Dant­zig (Gdansk) Car­me­li­ter monas­te­ry had libra­ry, burnt down in 1678; town libra­ry
263 Damas­co (Damas­cus) Libra­ry
263 Dole Libra­ry
264 Deven­ter Libra­ry of the gym­na­sium
264 Dor­drecht Libra­ry of the gym­na­sium
264 Doc­cum (Dok­kum) Libra­ry of the gym­na­sium
264 Dunen Libra­ry of the gym­na­sium
265 Dreß­den (Dres­den) Castle libra­ry
265 Dillin­gen Jesuit libra­ry
265 Escu­rial (El Esco­rial) Royal Libra­ry (burt 1671)
267 Eise­nach Libra­ry
268 F
268 Fesu­la (Fie­sole) Col­lege Libra­ry
268 Fer­ra­ra Car­me­lite monks’ libra­ry
268 Fez Royal libra­ry of Mau­re­ta­nia came in part to Spain to the royal Spa­nish libra­ry
269 Flo­rentz (Flo­rence) Libra­ry S. Lau­ren­tius; Monas­te­rium S. Mar­cus; S. Bene­dic­tus; Holy Cross; Bishop’s man­sion; Maria Novel­la
269 Fra­ne­cker Aca­de­my and Libra­ry
269 Franck­furt am Mayn (Frank­furt (Main)) Public Libra­ry; Mr von Uffenbach’s Libra­ry;
271 Franck­furt an der Oder (Frank­furt (Oder) Libra­ries
271 Ful­da Abbey libra­ry
271 G
271 Gaza Libra­ry
271 Grie­chen (Greece) Athens’ libra­ry; Kni­dos’ libra­ry (burnt); Chios’ libra­ry; Olymp: monas­te­riy with libra­ry; Plato’s libra­ry; Aristotle’s libra­ry; Apa­mea (today in Syria) libra­ry; Clear­chus of Heraclea’s libra­ry; Pto­le­maic libra­ry in Alexan­dria; second ancient libra­ry in Alexan­dria; Hadrian’s libra­ry in Athens
273 Genff (Gene­va) Libra­ry
273 Gent (Ghent) Libra­ries
273 Genua (Genoa) Mino­rite monks’ libra­ry; Domi­ni­can monks’ libra­ry; Sal­nic Libra­ry
273 Gem­blours (Gem­bloux) Bene­dic­tine monas­te­ry S. Giuberto’s libra­ry
274 Gies­sen Libra­ry
274 Gotha Libra­ry; Ernest Salo­mon Cyprian’s libra­ry
274 Got­torff (Castle Got­torf) Libra­ry
274 Graetz (Grod­zisk Wiel­ko­pols­ki) Prin­ce­ly libra­ry
275 Groenin­gen (Gro­nin­gen) Libra­ry
275 Gruenen­thal Libra­ry
275 Gua­ti­ma­lo (Gua­ta­ma­la) Native Ame­ri­cans’ books, found by Spa­nish conque­rers, about agri­cul­ture, plants, his­to­ry
275 H
275 Hagi­bes­tage (antique town in Ana­to­lia) San­ton Hagibestage’s libra­ry in Mosque at Hagi­bes­tage
275 Halle Mr Chris­tian Distelmeyer’s Libra­ry
276 Ham­burg Public libra­ry at Johan­nis Church; public libra­ry at the Dome; Mr. Joh. Winckler’s libra­ry; many pri­vate libra­ries; Mr Rut­ger Ruland’s libra­ry; Mr. Schroeder’s libra­ry; Mr Wolf­fius’ libra­ry; Mr. Fabri­cius’ libra­ry; Mr. Johann Hübner’s libra­ry; S. Cathe­rine Church libra­ry
277 Har­lem (Haar­lem) Libra­ry
277 Helm­staedt (Helm­stedt) Libra­ry
277 Hei­del­berg Libra­ry Pala­ti­na, with libra­ries of Fug­ger and Bon­ga­ri­sus, went in most parts to Rome in 1622; Libra­ry at Col­le­gium Sapien­tiae
279 Hert­zo­gen­busch Hein­rich Copes’ libra­ry
280 Hol­land or Nie­der­land (The Nether­lands) Amster­dam: public and many pri­vate libra­ries; libra­ries at Ant­werp, Bre­da, Brügge, Bruessel, Deven­ter, Doc­cum, Dor­drecht, Dunen bei Neu­port, Fra­ne­ker, Groenin­gen, Gruenen­dal, Gent, Gem­blours, Haag, Har­derv­vik, Luettig, Leu­var­den, Loewen, Lei­den, Mid­del­burg, Thiel, Utrecht, Ypern, Züt­phen.
281 Hol­stei­ni­schen (Hol­stein) Libra­ry in Got­torff, libra­ry of the Count von Rant­zau at Brei­ten­burg; libra­ry of Baron von Kiel­manns-Eck
281 Hano­ver Royal Libra­ry
281 I
281 Jeru­sa­lem Temple libra­ry; Syna­gogue libra­ries
283 Iler­da Michael Tho­ma­sius’ libra­ry
283 Ingol­stadt Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry
284 Ins­pruck (Inns­bruck) Ducal libra­ry
284 Irr­land (Ire­land) Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry in Dublin
284 Ita­lien (Ita­ly) 13 uni­ver­si­ties with libra­ries
286 Juca­tan Books of native Ame­ri­cans were found by Spa­nish conque­rors
286 Jena Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry
287 K
287 Koenig­sberg (Kali­nin­grad) Castle libra­ry
288 L
288 Lauin­gen Libra­ry
289 Leip­zig Libra­ry at Pau­li­ner col­lege, belon­ging to uni­ver­si­ty of Leip­zig with Doc­tor Stein­metz’ Libra­ry; Town­hall libra­ry
294 Lei­den Mr Thy­sius’ libra­ry
295 Lig­muen (Moun­tain near Chong­qing (Chi­na)) Temple libra­ry; Royal libra­ry at Veu­chung in Chi­na; many libra­ries in Auchei (Anh­wei)
297 Lion (Lyon) Jesuit col­lege libra­ry
297 Legion (Leche­nich near Cologne) Petrus Pon­tius’ libra­ry (came to Esco­rial)
298 Lon­den (Lon­don) St. Paul’s Cathe­dral, libra­ry (burnt); Royal libra­ry at West­mins­ter (Cot­ton libra­ry); public libra­ry of col­lege Sion; Car­me­lite libra­ry; S. James’ Libra­ry; Libra­ry of Bishop of Can­ter­bu­ry; Libra­ry of Great Chan­cel­lor; Mr Barlow’s libra­ry; Libra­ry of the church de Welles; Oxford col­leges’ libra­ries; Bodleian Libra­ry; Cam­bridge col­leges’ libra­ries; Cam­bridge uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry; Hen­ry VII’s libra­ry at Castle Rich­mond; libra­ry of Earl Arun­del at Castle Non­schitz; libra­ry at York
306 Luc­ca Fran­cis­can Libra­ry; Far­nese Libra­ry
306 Luebeck (Lübeck) and Libra­ries, most famous Doc­tor Goetz’ libra­ry in Luebeck
306 Lueneburg (Lüne­burg) Libra­ries
306 M
306 Mag­de­burg Public libra­ry burnt down in 1631
309 Mar­purg (Mar­burg) Libra­ry
309 Man­tua Duke’s Libra­ry
309 Maroc­co (Moroc­co, per­cei­ved as town in Mau­re­ta­nia) Libra­ries
309 Mau­ri­ta­nien (Mau­ri­ta­nia) King’s libra­ry went to Spain, is part of Royal Spa­nish Libra­ry
310 May­land (Milan) Ambro­sian libra­ry; Domi­ni­can libra­ry
310 Metz For­mer libra­ry of Zwei­bruecken is now part of the libra­ry of the bishop of Reims in Metz
310 Mexi­co Argri­cul­tu­ral books, books of plants and books of his­to­ry were found by the conque­ring Spa­niards among the natives
310 Mia­ko (Kyo­to) Temple libra­ry
311 Mos­cau (Mos­cow) Col­lec­tion of Czar Petrus Alexio­witz
314 Muenchen (Munich) Jesuit col­lege; Elector’s libra­ry
314 N
314 Nea­po­lis (Naples) Aca­de­my of Arden­ti; aca­de­my of Otio­si; libra­ry of Holy Apostles; libra­ry of S. Domi­ni­cus; libra­ry of S. Catha­rine; of S. Petrus Mar­tyr; of S. Mar. Oliv. (sic!); at S. Gio­van­ni Car­bon.; etc. ; at S. Mart. (sic!)
314 Nica­ra­gua Spa­nish conque­rors have found books when they arri­ved.
314 Nuernberg (Nürn­berg) Town libra­ry
316 O
316 Ofen Castle: Cor­vin libra­ry
316 Olden­burg Libra­ry
316 Oel­berg Monas­te­ry libra­ry
316 Olym­pus Monas­te­ry libra­ry
316 Osto­rog (Ostro­rog (Poland)) Libra­ries of Mathias Rybi­nius and Mar­ti­nus Gra­tia­nus Gen­ti­chius burnt down
316 Orleans Libra­ry
317 Oxfort (Oxford) 18 Col­lege libra­ries; uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry
318 P
318 Paris Royal libra­ry; Thua­nus libra­ry; libra­ry of Maz­za­rin col­lege; Car­di­nal Richelieu’s libra­ry; Chan­cel­lor Petrus Seguier’s libra­ry; Mr Colbert’s libra­ry; Royal Secre­ta­ry Mr Justel’s libra­ry; Mr de Lamoignon’s libra­ry; Pro­cu­reur Gene­ral de Harley’s libra­ry; Pre­sident Lotin’s libra­ry; Mr de Thou’s libra­ry; Mr de Bucheral’s libra­ry, Mr de Moran­gis’ libra­ry; Mr de Fronbet’s libra­ry; Mr de Montmor’s libra­ry; Mr de Sailo’s libra­ry; Mr Petan’s libra­ry; Mr de Malbranche’s libra­ry; Mr de Lauzun’s libra­ry; Mr Escuyet’s libra­ry; Mr Bluet’s libra­ry; Mr Patin’s libra­ry; Mr. Mentel’s libra­ry; Mr. Barre’s libra­ry; Mr. de Sartes’ libra­ry; Abbé Bignon’s libra­ry; Abbé Villeloin’s libra­ry; libra­ry at monas­te­ry S. Ger­main; Abbey S. Gene­vieve du Mont, libra­ry; Jesuit Col­lege of Cler­mont libra­ry; Jaco­bin libra­ry de la Porte S. Jaques; of the dis­cal­ced order; of the mino­rites; de la Place Royale, at the Prêtres de l’Oratoire; at the Rue S. Hono­ré; at the abbey S. Vic­tor; at the col­leges Sor­bonne and Navarre; at the col­lege Mont. Aru­ti (burnt); Phi­lip­pus Mor­naeus’ libra­ry went to church at Sau­mur (des­troyed); Mr Boucot’s libra­ry; fol­low a few more notes on libra­ries in France.
325 Padua Monas­te­ry at the church S. Jus­ti­na, libra­ry; palace of Capi­tain Grande, libra­ry; uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry; S. Agos­ti­no, libra­ry; monas­te­ry S. Fran­ces­co, libra­ry; monas­te­ry S. Ursu­la; monas­te­ry Diva Maria Batal­ca
326 Par­ma and Libra­ries
326 Pavia Libra­ry of Vis­count Galea­tio (Louis XII brought the libra­ry to Paris)
326 Path­mus (Pat­mos) Monas­te­ry S. Bla­sius in Caf­fa, libra­ry
326 Per­ga­mon (Asia) Antique libra­ry, burnt down
327 Per­sia (Iran) King Xerxes conque­red Athens and brought the Athens libra­ry to Per­sia, Seleu­cus Nica­nor brought the libra­ry back to Athens; Darius foun­ded libra­ries in Echa­ta­na and Baby­lon; Sufia­nic libra­ry; Arde­bil, libra­ry
328 Pisa Aldus Manu­tius’ libra­ry at the uni­ver­si­ty
328 Polen (Poland) and Castle of Vil­nius (Lithua­nia), libra­ry; Cra­cau, uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry; Osto­rog, many libra­ries burnt down; Dant­zig, Car­me­lite monas­te­ry with libra­ry, burnt down; Bres­cia (Brest), Jewish Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry; Thorn, refo­med, Catho­lique and Luthe­ran libra­ries
328 Preußen (Prus­sia) King of Prus­sia: libra­ries in Ber­lin, Koenig­sberg, etc.
329 Por­tu­gall (Por­tu­gal) In gene­ral: scho­lar­ship
330 Prag (Prague)
  1. Oppenheim’s libra­ry
330 St. Peters­burg (Saint Peters­burg) Aca­de­my libra­ry
333 R
333 Regens­purg (Regens­burg) Monas­te­ry libra­ry
333 Rimi­ni libra­ry of the Count di Gam­ba­lon­ga
333 Rho­dus (Rho­dos) Augustin’s manus­cripts
334 Rostock Many libra­ries
334 Rouan (Rouen) Jesuit libra­ry
334 Rom (Rome) Libra­ries: see chap­ter on curio­si­ty cabinets;Aemilius Pau­lus and Cae­sar were the first to ins­tall libra­ries at Rome, accor­ding to Isi­dore of Seville; Vati­can Libra­ry; libra­ry at Col­le­gio Roma­no (Jesuits); libra­ry of the Augus­tine order; libra­ry at Palace Altie­ri; libra­ries of Car­di­nals Chi­gi, Bar­be­ri­ni, Impe­riale; libra­ry of Duke Altemps; libra­ry of the Ora­to­rio S. Phi­lip­pi Neri; libra­ry of the col­le­gio del­la Capra­ni­ca; libra­ry at the Prae­late Seve­ro­li; libra­ries in almost all churches, monas­te­ries and col­leges, as Ara Celi, S. Maria del Popo­lo; alla Miner­va; libra­ry at the uni­ver­si­ty alla Sapien­za
337 S
337 Sal­mur (Sau­mur) Libra­ry of Phi­lip­pus Mono­reus, des­troyed by sol­diers 1621
337 Sara­gos­sa Order of Saint Jerome, libra­ry
337 Sevi­lia (Seville) Fer­di­nand Colon’s libra­ry, came to the Domi­ni­can monas­te­ry
337 Sici­lien (Sici­ly) Libra­ry in King Rupert’s times (1352–1410)
337 Smyr­na Temple with libra­ry
337 Schweitz (Swit­zer­land) Libra­ries at the schools and col­leges at Basel, berne, Lau­sanne, Zue­rich, Fri­burg etc.
338 Schot­tland (Scot­land) Uni­ver­si­ties St. Andrews, Glas­gow, Aber­deen with libra­ries
339 Stock­holm Royal libra­ry; libra­ries of Anckers­tirn, Palm­schiold, Sinoils­ky, Spar­wen­feld, Clau­dius Rolamb; uni­ver­si­ties of Gryps­wald (Greif­swald) and Aca­de­my of Ste­tin, both with libra­ries, came to Prus­sia in 1720; gym­na­sia at Riga and Reval with libra­ries went to Rus­sia; uni­ver­si­ty at Lun­den with libra­ry; uni­ver­si­ty at Upsal with libra­ry; libra­ry of Vis­by des­troyed.
341 Spa­nien (Spain) Libra­ries at the fol­lo­wing places: uni­ver­si­ties and col­leges at Sala­man­ca, the Com­plu­tense, at Alca­la de Henares, Tole­do, Gra­na­da, Valen­cia, Sevil­la, Val­la­do­lit, Ossu­na, Hues­ca, Palen­cia, Sara­gos­sa, Siguen­ca, Leri­da, Bar­cel­lo­na, Tar­ra­go­na; about 100 Jesuit col­leges with libra­ries; Royal libra­ry at Escu­rial; libra­ries Ben Aria Mon­ta­ni, Anto­nius Augus­ti­nus; Michae­lis Augus­ti­nus; libra­ry of the arch­bi­shop of Tole­do Fran­cis­cus Xime­nis at Alca­la de Henares; Fer­di­nand Colon’s libra­ry in Seville; libra­ry of the order of Saint Jerome in Sara­gos­sa; libra­ry of Jaco­bus de Men­do­za, went to the Escu­rial; libra­ry of Don Die­go Hur­ta­do de Men­do­za; libra­ries of the bishop of Avi­la, Alfons
344 Ste­tin and1 Royal gym­na­sium, libra­ry
344 Stral­sund Gym­na­sium Publi­cum, libra­ry
345 Straß­burg (Stras­bourg) Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry; libra­ry of the theo­lo­gian Gei­le­rus mer­ged into the uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry
345 T
345 Tar­ra­go­na Libra­ry of arch­bi­shop Anto­nius Augus­ti­nus mer­ged into Escu­rial libra­ry
345 Teut­schland (Ger­ma­ny) 15 Luthe­ran uni­ver­si­ties: Alt­dorff, Erfurt, Gies­sen, Gryps­wald, Halle, Helm­staedt, Jena, Kiel, Koenig­sberg, Leip­zig, Rostock, Rin­teln, Straß­burg, Tuebin­gen, Wittenberg;10 pon­ti­fi­cal universities:Breßlau, Coeln, Dillin­gen, Fri­burg, Ingol­stadt, Mayntz, Moltz­heim, Pader­born, Wien, Wuerzburg;4 refor­med or Cal­vi­nist universities:Duysburg, Franck­furt on Oder, Hei­del­berg, Marpurg;each with libraries;not to count the gym­na­sia and col­leges
348 Thorn Libra­ries of Luthe­rans, Catho­lics and Cal­vi­nists
348 Tir­nau Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry
349 Tunis Libra­ry
349 Tuebin­gen (Tübin­gen) Libra­ry
349 Turin Duke of Savoy’s libra­ry
349 U
349 Upsal (Upp­sa­la) Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry at Col­le­gio Gus­ta­via­no
350 Utrecht Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry
352 Vene­dig (Venice) Libra­ry of the Repu­blic; libra­ries in the monas­te­ries of S. Gio­van­ni, S. Pao­lo, S. Gior­gio etc.; libra­ry of S. Gior­gio Mag­giore; pri­vate libra­ries: Augus­tus Ama­deus, Ludo­vi­cus and Mar­cus Anto­nius Moce­ni­go, Daniel Bar­ba­rus, Ludo­vi­cus Bal­bus, Jaco­bus Conta­re­nus, Rochus Conta­re­nus, Johannes Del­phi­nus, Sebas­tian Eri­cus, Andreas Lau­re­da­nus, Ludo­vi­cus Loli­nus, Jaco­bus Mar­cel­lus, Aldus Manu­tius, Ludo­vi­cus Male­pe­tra, Ludo­vi­cus Michael; Hie­ro­ny­mus de Mula, Pau­lus Paru­ta, Fran­cis­cus Solan­tius, Fran­cis­cus Tra­va­ghi­nus, Jose­phus Zar­ti­ni etc.; libra­ry of Picus Miran­du­la chan­ged the name to Augus­ti­nian libra­ry; libra­ry S. Domi­ni­cus
352 Veu­chung (Wuchang (Chi­na)) Royal libra­ry
352 Vil­na (Vil­nius (Lithua­nia)) Castle libra­ries
352 VV
352 Wei­mar Prin­ce­ly libra­ry
353 VVis­by (Vis­by) Libra­ry (lost)
353 Wis­mar Mr Mevius’ libra­ry
353 Wien (Vien­na) Impe­rial libra­ry
356 Wit­ten­berg Libra­ry came to Jena
356 Wol­fen­buettel (Wol­fenbüt­tel) Ducal libra­ry
358 Wuertz­burg (Würz­burg) Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry went to Upsa­la in 1631
358 Y
358 Yorck Arch­bi­shop Egber­tus foun­ded a libra­ry in 750 AD
358 Z
358 Zeitz Ducal libra­ry; monas­te­ry libra­ry
359 Zwi­ckau Libra­ry, into which mer­ged the pri­vate libra­ry of Dau­mius
359 Zwey­brecken (Zwei­brü­cken) Libra­ry burnt, res­ts taken to Metz
359 Zuerich (Zürich) Public town libra­ry; Caro­line Col­lege libra­ry; pri­vate libra­ries of Hot­tin­ger, Schwit­zer, Zel­ler, Hos­pi­nia­nus



6.6 Kanold’s additions to chapter 3 (Libraries)




Page no. Name of Entry Men­tio­ned Col­lec­tions
382 Alt­dorff (Alt­dorf) Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry
383 Ber­lin Royal libra­ry with Bible col­lec­tion; Span­heim libra­ry; Libra­ry of the Socie­ty of Sciences
384 Buke­rest (Buca­rest) Libra­ry of Prince Mau­ro­cor­da­ti de Scar­la­ti
384 Cop­pen­ha­gen (Copen­ha­gen) Public libra­ries: Biblio­the­ca Wal­den­dorf­fia­na; B. Bor­ri­chia­na; B. Müle­nia­na; B. Rese­nia­na; B. Broch­man­nia­na; B. Fure­nia­na; B. Chris­tia­ni IV. Bea­tae memo­riae; B. Fri­de­ri­ci VI; Olaus Bor­ri­chius’ Col­le­gio Medi­co with Cata­logue
389 Erfurt Minis­te­rial­bi­blio­thek; Uni­ver­si­ty libra­ry with Duke von Boineburg’s libra­ry; Domi­ni­can monks’ libra­ry with Duchess von Gleichen’s libra­ry. Reprint of Cata­log of Biblio­the­ca Boi­ne­bur­gi­ca (1723)
394 Franck­furt am Mayn (Frank­furt (Main)) Town libra­ry; Zacha­rias Conrad von Uffenbach’s libra­ry; Loe­nisch libra­ry; pro­tes­tant minis­ter Joh. Michael Geiß’s libra­ry
394 Frey­berg in Meis­sen (Frei­berg) School libra­ry; biblio­the­cam mine­ra­lium of Berg-Haupt­mann von T.
395 Halle im Mag­de­bur­gi­schen (Halle) Town coun­cil libra­ry; Aca­de­mia Fri­de­ri­cia­na; orpha­nage libra­ry with libra­ry of von Can­stein
396 Herrm­sdorff (Herm­sdorf) Count Johann Anton von Schaffgotsch’s libra­ry with natu­ra­lia and other curio­si­ties
396 Herr­mans­tadt (Sibiu (Roma­nia)) Libra­ry of the pro­tes­tant Gym­na­sium
397 Hures in der Wal­la­chey (Monas­te­ry Hures (Wal­la­chia) Prince Constantin’s libra­ry
397 Heil­brunn (Heil­bronn) Town libra­ry
397 Jena Town libra­ry (with cata­logue of rare books)
402 Koenig­sberg (Kali­nin­grad) Town coun­cil libra­ry with pri­vate libra­ries
403 Lignitz (Legni­ca (Poland)) Castle has St. Johan­nis-libra­ry in its depot
404 Probs­thayn (Probs­thain) For­mer Geor­gius Brisen’s libra­ry inclu­ded in church libra­ry
404 Wei­mar Prin­ce­ly libra­ry at Wei­mar, includes libra­ries of Baron von Logau and Schurtz­fleisch.
405 Zelle (Celle) Baron von Wrisberg’s libra­ry


[1] I thank Paul Michel (Zürich) for many dis­cus­sions about Ency­clo­pe­dias, without which this article and the plan­ned pro­ject of map­ping out Kanold’s and Jencquel’s infor­ma­tion on curio­si­ty cabi­nets and libra­ries in Europe were not thin­kable. See for more infor­ma­tion (che­cked on June 2, 2014)

  1. Szc­ze­cin (Poland []